In addition to depicting the ISS and Earth as oases for astronauts and humankind, the mission logo features the theme of water as the basis of life as we know it. Our planet is shown as a drop of water, resembling Earth as seen by the astronauts on the ISS. The importance of water for life is represented by the tree that grows out of the arms of a man. He is rooted in the Station and its scientific utilisation. Water flows through the man's arms and the branches of the tree. The rocket illustrates the Soyuz that will carry Frank De Winne to the ISS. A single white star symbolises how human exploration will eventually lead humankind to other planets.
The name of the OasISS mission was chosen by ESA from a total of 520 suggestions received in response to a competition launched by ESA's Directorate of Human Spaceflight in September 2008. These were received from people in all ESA Member States.
The name also refers to the challenge to find an oasis, where human exploration is a challenge in itself.
As De Winne himself stated, "Water is a scarce resource on board the ISS; responsible use and recycling in space can help develop efficient water processing applications for Earth, which are particularly important for the developing countries".
The winning mission name, OasISS, was proposed by Jan Puylaert from Ghent, in Belgium.